Other legal services take over the entire text of the Treaty as national law. The second general group, known as contracts relating to the global system of protection, ensures that an international registration or deposit is effective in one of the signatory States concerned. The services provided by WIPO under these contracts simplify and reduce the costs of filing individual applications or notifications in all countries where protection is sought for a particular right of protection. This means that the text of an international treaty or agreement is not necessarily a reliable source of understanding of national ip laws which, as we have seen, may vary from country to country in some key respects. International IP standards and practices are increasingly applied in a globalized economy. This research guide offers scientific treatises and journal resources on international intellectual property. IPAG is a project of the “Universities of Austria”, funded by the National Contact Point for Intellectual Property (ncp.ip) at the Federal Ministry of Science and Research (BMWF), the Federal Ministry of Economic Affairs, Family and Youth (BMWFJ), the Federal Ministry of Transport, Innovation and Technology. Austrian universities and companies have jointly designed these framework agreements to enable an effective transfer of knowledge and technology. The protection and enforcement of intellectual property in the global context is fundamental and can be extremely complicated for any company wishing to expand its markets beyond its borders. Just because IP laws exist around the world doesn`t mean they are easily enforced or enforceable. In the following modules, we will examine in more detail the issues of international protection and enforcement strategies. .