Under Section 27 of the Contracts Act of 1872, any agreement that prevents a person from practising a legitimate occupation, commercial or commercial activity is null and void.  However, Pakistani courts have in the past made decisions in favour of such restrictive covenants, as the restrictions are “reasonable”.  The definition of “appropriate” depends on the time, geographic location and designation of the worker. In the case of Exide Pakistan Limited vs. Abdul Wadood, 2008 CLD 1258 (Karachi), told the High Court of Sindh that the adequacy of the clause will vary from case to case and depends primarily on the duration and extent of the geographic area When selling a business, it is typical of a buyer to include in a sales contract the need for the seller not to operate in the same type of transaction within a specified time frame. Whether or not these types of non-competition are applicable and to what extent the courts will apply them varies considerably from state to state. FormSwift offers status-specific non-competition bans, which users can access for free and download as Word or PDF files. The company also offers a non-compete agreement for example with examples for each step that can be particularly useful for new users. While FormSwift does a good job of answering a variety of non-competition issues, the website recommends that employers speak with an employment law specialist to obtain assistance to ensure that their document is legally enforceable in their state. When the employer incorporates a non-compete contract into an employment contract, it undertakes to hire (or pay the employee to sign the non-competition clause) and the employee undertakes not to engage in competitive business activities during or after the termination of the employment relationship with the company.
Non-compete agreements generally limit the former employee to managing competing operations only within a given geographic location and for a limited time. Canadian courts will apply competition and non-appeal agreements, but the agreement must be limited, in time, scope and geographic scope, to what is reasonably necessary to protect the company`s property rights, such as confidential business information or customer relations and the scope of the agreement must be clearly defined. Shafron v. KRG Insurance Brokers (Western) Inc. 2009 CSC 6 of the Supreme Court of Canada found that a non-competition agreement was inconclusive because the term “Metropolitan City of Vancouver” was not definitively defined.  23. Is there another way to find out if the agreement is applicable? If the non-competitive obligation has been agreed, but the compensation is not fixed for the duration after the end or expiry of the employment contract, if the worker has fulfilled the non-competitive obligations and claims the monthly allowance equal to 30% of his average monthly salary in the twelve months before the end or expiry of the employment contract, the Volksgericht supports this claim. Non-competitions are also common in the information technology sector, where employees are often burdened with proprietary information that can be considered valuable to a company. Other places where these agreements are found are the financial industry, the business world and the manufacturing sector. As noted in the previous question, the length of time considered appropriate is generally analyzed in conjunction with the other factors. For example, if the non-competition agreement is used to protect valuable information, the appropriate duration is the length of time the information has value.